World Congress on Risk 2015
19-23 July, 2015, Singapore

Online Program

Session Schedule & Abstracts

* Disclaimer: All presentations represent the views of the authors, and not the organizations that support their research. Please apply the standard disclaimer that any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations in abstracts, posters, and presentations at the meeting are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of any other organization or agency. Meeting attendees and authors should be aware that this disclaimer is intended to apply to all abstracts contained in this document. Authors who wish to emphasize this disclaimer should do so in their presentation or poster. In an effort to make the abstracts as concise as possible and easy for meeting participants to read, the abstracts have been formatted such that they exclude references to papers, affiliations, and/or funding sources. Authors who wish to provide attendees with this information should do so in their presentation or poster.

Common abbreviations

Tuesday 21-07-2015

Information Technology in Occupational Safety

Room: Exploration   15:30–17:00

Chair(s): Hans-Juergen Bischoff, Jukka Takala

1    Digitalization and modularization in production systems – challenges for OHS. Radandt Siegfried, ISSA-Section Machine and System Safety (360)

Abstract: Keynote: effects of new industrial developments on OHS Rapid developments in technology, IT, bring new chances but also new risks, to the world of work. The growing complexity of systems creates new challenges, i.e. how to control these systems, how to communicate positively between IT-technology and physical components, how people at work meet new requirements, how to organize work processes. To what degree must proven risk management methods and models be adapted, modified? What are new requirements for successful quality consulting and control/enforcement? Who are the necessary players to build and maintain safe systems including hardware and software safety state? The complexity of such cyber physical systems (CPS) can only be addressed in general terms in this session: elements like communication and interoperability/hybrid models/wireless sensing and actuating/control systems/validation and verification/cyber security/complexity management/ applications of CPS including manufacturing, machines, robotics, processes. Aspects to be discussed will include: computer-integrated manufacturing, characteristics of systems, the main role of the human factor when looking at the structure of performance in the world of work. The hardware remaining the nucleus, independent of kind or complexity of machine, installation: mechatronic systems, automated processes, integrated manufacturing system (IMS), M2M-systems. Need and content of adequate risk assessment shall be outlined, for example function analysis, modularity, factors to influence, probability of dangerous failure of safety function.

2    Leveraging on technology to further workplace safety and health enforcement capability in Singapore. Ismadi ER, Ministry of Manpower, Singapore    (384)

Abstract: To stay relevant in the fast changing global Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) landscape, the Occupational Safety and Health Division (OSHD) of the Ministry of Manpower Singapore (MOM) needs to continuously enhance its internal operational and technical capabilities. This is critical if MOM is to realise its WSH2018 National Strategy of achieving a workplace Fatality Rate that is comparable to the best countries in the world.  Beyond that immediate target, there is a higher calling of building a Vision Zero mindset that all injury and ill health arising from the workplace are preventable and a Belief System that Zero Harm is possible. As our nation progresses, the number of workplaces in our industries continues to grow and public expectations to deliver rapid developmental projects while maintaining high safety standards is paramount to a project’s success.  Such a backdrop of heightened economic progress has necessitated our WSH Inspectors and Enforcement Officers to think of new approaches and methods to perform enforcement work efficiently and professionally without compromising desired outcomes. To continue to drive and sustain high standards of WSH, MOM has been leveraging extensively on technological enablers over the past few years to improve the productivity and efficiency of its enforcement work on various fronts. OSH Technology is a suite of applications, system and processes that forms the backbone of MOM’s enforcement protocols. It supports a more effective WSH enforcement strategy by empowering our strategic and tactical enforcement efforts with seamless flow of information, data insights, mobility and a more targeted response.  Supporting with Seamless Flow of Information (SNAP@MOM, VIDz@MOM) Feeding information from the workplace/accident site helps to create better situational awareness that supports analysis and investigation work. This is supported with video streaming solutions that bring in video footages from the accident scene by our WSH enforcement officers and reporting of WSH feedback through crowd-sourcing channels enlist the power of active citizenry which complements enforcement outside our inspection zones.  Providing Data Insights (INSIGHTS@MOM, GEO@MOM) MOM is able to take pre-emptive actions, uncovering hotspots and targeting them before major accidents happen.  Understanding and monitoring risk profiles of companies provides us with Data Analytics and Business Insights for generating targeted inspection hit-list.  Business Intelligence (BI) is used to slice and dice historical data to uncover accident patterns and ultimately identify systemic gaps within the industry.  Geographical geo-spatial information system offers a new perspective and insight to WSH trends of location-based data.  Enabling Mobility and Targeted Response  (Mobile iOSH) Equipping each and every WSH Inspector with mobile enforcement capability and online connectivity as well as ready accessibility to key information, is paramount. This will help to empower our WSH Inspectors to be more confident to make decisions to offer WSH advisory and enforce WSH effectively and professionally at workplaces.  In the same light, external industry stakeholders can adapt these same capabilities to build up their own internal WSH capability and instil a strong WSH culture within their organisation. We believe such changes, at the national level, are necessary to ensure sustainability in improving WSH on the ground. Only with such advantage, can we achieve more with less resource and maintain our competitive edge to support Singapore’s economic growth at the same time ensuring a safe and healthy workplace for everyone.

3    Workplace Safety and Health Risk Management (RM) in Singapore. Chow V, na (367)

Abstract: Risk management (RM) is the cornerstone of safety and health management. A RM framework was introduced when Occupational Safety and Health Division underwent a major reform in 2005 to raise Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) standards and improve WSH performance. One of the underpinning principles of the new framework is to eliminate or mitigate WSH risks at source. A multi-pronged strategies (viz promoting RM, building capability, engaging stakeholders, setting standards and providing compliance assistance) have been developed for RM implementation in Singapore. This together with other initiatives has helped to shape the WSH landscape in Singapore. The RM framework has recently been reviewed to further enhance its effectiveness through three key approaches viz pragmatic (effective onsite risk control implementation), upstream risk control (through risk elimination, substitution and engineering controls) and holistic (safety and health risk assessments that take human factors into consideration). This paper presents the journey of RM in Singapore; it highlights the efforts made and the challenges faced in implementing RM, and outline the future direction in managing workplace safety and health risks.

4    Bridge between safety and security. Winzer P., University of Wuppertal; Schlüter N., University of Wuppertal (361)

Abstract: Safety and Security are essential terms in the field of risk research. They are used for all aspects of our society, economy and engineering. Safety and Security deal with certainty, reliability and internal as well as external endangerment. Nowadays versatile research networks, initiatives as well as national or international research projects concentrate on security or safety issues. But what is still missing, is academic fundamental research that is based on a method-based, transdisciplinary and integrated theoretical concept that considers both – safety and security. Therefore, a central approach is needed, that picks up general and particular concepts of system theory, statistics, stochastics and social science and molds them together. This approach has include formalized models and methods for transdisciplinary work. In order to create such a generic approach for safety and security the following theses have to be taken into consideration: Thesis 1: Overcoming multiplicity Thesis 2: Integration of Safety and Security Thesis 3: Communication needs formalized terminology Thesis 4: Safety and Security are emergent characteristics Thesis 5: Need for Metrics of Reliability Thesis 6: Reliability is designable Those theses and accompanying potentials will be explained in more detail in the contribution. The theses will point out why it is so important to have an innovative and generic safety and security approach and why today – as everybody is talking about SMART Production, Industry 4.0 and product-service-systems - is the right time to start on this innovation. By developing this innovative Theory on Reliance Germany should stay a source of reliance in order to ensure sustainable economic success.

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