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Connecting people and ecosystems: how recognizing, demonstrating and capturing ecosystem service values can support conservation and development /Effective conservation planning (to include EBM and MPAs, cumulative impacts

Room: Alsh     2014-08-18; 08:30 - 10:30

NB: Unless specified otherwise, presentations are 15 minutes in length, and speed presentations are 5 mins in length.

SY55.1  08:30  Socio-economic benefits of marine protected areas (MPAs) – combining conservation objectives with the sustainable use of “blue” natural capital. Kettunen, Marianne *, Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP); ten Brink, Patrick Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP);

Abstract: Marine protected areas (MPAs) contain species, habitats and ecosystems of high conservation value. In addition, these areas provide a range of benefits, both direct and indirect, to our societies and economies. Identifying and valuing the socio-economic benefits of PAs, including MPAs, can be beneficial for several reasons. Demonstrating socio-economic importance of a protected site can significantly increase political and stakeholder support for the site and resolve conflicts between different interest groups. This can lead to positive changes in policies and decision-making. Insights on MPA benefits are also needed to identify a combination of actions and resource use practices that best support the sustainable and equitable utilisation of these benefits, while retaining a site’s conservation goals. Finally, demonstrating different benefits can help to discover alternative and sustainable sources for financing the management of MPAs. The presentation builds on a book by Kettunen and ten Brink (eds) (2013), aimed at supporting practitioners working on PAs – and other non-economists – to assess socio-economic benefits arising from protecting nature. It provides insights into how identifying, assessing and valuing the various ecosystem services and related benefits provided by MPAs can be used to support reaching conservation objectives and promoting the sustainable use of natural capital.

SY55.2  08:45  Blue Solutions: Inspiring Approaches to integrating marine and coastal Ecosystems into Development Planning. Christian Neumann *, GRID-Arendal;

Abstract: BLUE SOLUTIONS is a five year joint project of GIZ, GRID-Arendal, IUCN and UNEP, aspiring to generate public, private sector and political will to invest in processes to support and reach the global marine and coastal conservation targets. An essential objective of the project is to communicate, educate and raise awareness of the significance of marine and coastal ecosystem services for sustainable development and human well-being. Working in close collaboration with national and regional marine and coastal biodiversity projects, BLUE SOLUTIONS offers a global knowledge network and capacity development platform. The project seeks to identify, exchange and promote good practices and lessons learned to inspire and support other conservation initiatives. Further, the aim is to foster the application of methods and tools that help realise “blue solutions” to the development challenges faced worldwide. BLUE SOLUTIONS will make inspiring, successful approaches to integrating ecosystem services into development planning available to the global community of decision-makers and practitioners, through targeted identification, promotion and knowledge sharing, as well as capacity development via trainings and inter-institutional cooperation, helping to transform the wealth information on ecosystem services into action.

SY55.3  09:00  Payments for Ecosystems to Advance Marine Conservation and Management. Agardy, Tundi *, Sound Seas;

Abstract: One of the most important facets of an ecosystem services perspective is that it is holistic: one cannot identify services of value without describing the linkages that connect various elements of nature (species within ecosystems, and the linkages between natural systems and human well-being. Understanding these linkages is the foundation for ecosystem-based management, improving efficiency, and reducing vulnerabilities to surprises and unintended consequences. Even more importantly, the focus on ecosystem functions of value to humans can lay the groundwork for investments in protecting services, through Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) and other financing mechanisms. These tools generate new funds flows to conservation and management which are badly needed. Conducting targeted research to support planning, convening parties to negotiate international agreements, monitoring marine areas, enforcing laws, and conducting day-to-day management of marine areas all require significant human and financial resources. Those who directly benefit from effective management – and continued ecosystem services delivery – should view protection of ecosystems as worthwhile business investments, with high rates of return. Demonstrations of new revenue streams generated by private sector investment are cropping up worldwide – but we urgently need to replicate, and come to scale.

SY55.4  09:15  Building Blue Carbon projects, An Introduction. Steven Lutz *, GRID-Arendal;

Abstract: Blue carbon is a term used to describe the climate change mitigation benefits of preserving, protecting, and restoring coastal habitats such as mangrove forests, seagrass meadows, and saltwater marshes. This presentation considers a blue carbon project as one that uses the climate change mitigation value of coastal marine ecosystems to support their conservation, sustainable use, and restoration. It serves as a snapshot of potential common blue carbon project elements based on existing projects, such as the Abu Dhabi Blue Carbon Demonstration Project and the Global Environment Facility’s (GEF) Blue Forests Project, and an introduction of key issues for consideration.

SY55.5  09:30  TEEB for Oceans and Coasts. Alberto *, Division of Environmental Policy Implementation U; Dustin Miller \'The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity\' United Nations Environment Programme;

Abstract: The TEEB Study has been uniquely successful in raising the interest of policymakers in biodiversity and ecosystem valuation. Widely referenced and discussed in the media, it has also led to the development of a strong network of natural and social scientists, economists and policymakers. As part of TEEB\'s ongoing phase of implementation and facilitation, a series of studies are currently underway to provide a deeper analysis of specific sectors and biomes. In particular, these studies seek to highlight the benefits provided by ecosystems to relevant economic sectors as well as the costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, with an ultimate focus on mainstreaming these considerations into policy making. TEEB for Oceans & Coasts seeks to bridge the gaps in knowledge on ocean ecosystem services from theory to policy and practice. It will offer a critical and unique opportunity to carefully identify and bring to life the ways in which ecosystem thinking and values can change the incentives and policies that, to date, have resulted in the steady decline and loss of value of these economic engines for the planet. TEEB for Oceans & Coasts will provide real world examples and clear guidance on better accounting for ecosystem value. It will show decision makers at all levels and civil society stakeholders how new policies, practices, markets and agreements can improve the ecological and economic productivity and sustainability of marine ecosystems around the world.

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